How to add a user to a group on Linux

In this tutorial, we’ll discuss how to add a user to a group on Linux. We’ll also show you how to remove users from groups and how to create, delete, and list groups.

We hope that you will open a Linux distribution console to follow the guide on this page so you can better understand how to add users and groups in Linux.

We also recommend that you test any online tutorials or guides on a virtual machine (vmware or virtualbox) before deploying to a production server, so that you don’t mess with your running system when something goes wrong.

You can learn how to install VMware on Ubuntu, CentOS, and VirtualBox on Ubuntu, Fedora and CentOS.

To add users to a group, you must be logged in as a user with access Sudo or root.

Set on Linux

A group is an organizational unit used to organize and manage user accounts on Linux. The main purpose of groups is to assign a set of privileges such as read, write or execute permissions to a specific resource that can be shared among the users in the group.

There are two types of combinations in Linux:

  • Primary group– When a user creates a file, the file group is assigned to the main user group. Usually, the group name is the same as the username. Information about a user’s primary group is stored in a file /etc/passwd.
  • Secondary group Or additional group – useful when you want to grant specific file permissions to a group of users who are members of the group. For example, if you add a specific user to a group docker, This user will automatically have the same access rights as the other users in the group docker He is able to carry out various orders docker.

Each user can have only one primary group, or they can be linked to one or more secondary groups.

How to add a user to the group

To add existing users to a secondary group, use the command usermod Followed by the options -G And group name:

sudo usermod -a -G namagrup username

For example, to add a user adhit For a specific group sudo , You can run the following command:

sudo usermod -a -G sudo adhit

Always use the toggle switch -a (Append) when adding a user to a new group. If you eliminate -a, The user will be deleted from any group not yet registered -G.

If successful, command usermod It will not display any output. The usermod command will only display a warning when the user or group does not exist, so you must create the group first.

How to add existing users to multiple groups

If you want to add existing users to multiple secondary groups in one command, use the command usermod Followed by a flag-G The group names are separated by , (coma):

sudo usermod -a -G group1,group2 username

How to remove a user from a group

To remove a user from a group, use the command gpasswd, In the following example we delete the named username rachma From a specific group webmaster:

sudo gpasswd -d rachma webmaster

Create a new group on Linux

To create a new group, you can use the command groupadd Followed by the group name:

sudo groupadd groupname

How to delete a group on Linux

To delete an existing group, use the command groupdel Followed by the group name:

sudo groupdel groupname

How to change the main user group in Linux

To change the user’s home group, use the command usermod Followed by the options -g:

sudo usermod -g namagrup username

In the following example, we are changing the main user group linux Become developers:

sudo usermod -g developers linux

How to create a new user and assign a group

The following useradd command will create a new username Bagasse With the basic group users And the secondary group is on wheel And the developers.

sudo useradd -g users -G wheel,developers bagas

View Linux user groups

To display complete user information including all member groups, use the command id Followed by your username:

id username

If you delete the username, the command prints information about the currently registered user. Let’s check the user linux:

id linux
uid=1000(linux) gid=100(users) groups=100(users),10(wheel),95(storage),98(power),990(libvirt),993(docker),999(kvm)

From the above output, we see the primary user group linux is being users And be in another group like wheel, storage, libvirt, docker And the kvm .

Use commands groups To view additional user groups:

groups linux
wheel storage power users libvirt docker kvm

Just like the requests id If you delete the username, command groups It will print the group of users who are currently logged in.

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you learned how to add users to groups. The same commands apply to any Linux distribution, including Ubuntu, CentOS, RHEL, Debian, and Linux Mint.

Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *