This article covers the basics of commands
pkill on Linux.
pkill It is a command line utility that sends an indication of the currently running program process based on certain criteria. Processes can be identified by their full or partial name, the user running the process, or other attributes.
pkill It is part of the package
procps-ng), which comes pre-installed on most Linux distributions. pkill is the command associated with
pgrep which just prints the list of matches.
How to use the pkill command
The syntax of the pkill command is as follows:
pkill [OPTIONS] <PATTERN>
<PATTERN> Designed with Extended regular expressions.
When connected without any options, pkill sends a signal 15 (TERM) to the PIDs of all running programs that match the specified name. For example, to kill all Firefox processes, you can run:
pkill -9 firefox
The command returns output
0 When at least one operation matches the requested name. Otherwise, the exit code is
1. This can be useful when used in shell scripts.
To send a different signal to the corresponding process, call the command
pkill with options
numeric or names of symbolic signs. Another way to send a signal is to run
pkill followed by a sign name or number preceded by a hyphen (
kill -l To list all available signals.
The most commonly used signals are:
1(-HUP): To restart the operation.
9(-kill): To kill a process.
15(-TERM): To stop the process in a different way.
Signals can be identified in three different ways:
- using a number (eg, -1)
- prefixed with “SIG” (eg, -SIGHUP)
- Without the “SIG” prefix (eg, -HUP).
For example, to force a Nginx process to be reloaded, you could run:
pkill -HUP nginx
pkill useregular expressions to match the process name. It’s always a good idea to use commands
pgrep To print matches before sending a signal to them. For example, to list all processes that contain the word “
sshin his name:
1039 sshd 2257 ssh-agent 6850 ssh 31279 ssh-agent
If you want to send signals only to processes whose name exactly matches the search pattern, you can use:
^) will watch the game at the beginning of the string, and the dollar
$ in the end.
pkill Matches only the process name. when the option
-f The command will search for a match with the full list of arguments. If the command contains spaces, quote the entire command:
pkill -9 -f "ping 22.214.171.124"
-u to know
pkill To show processes run by a specific user:
pkill -u toni
To select multiple users, separate their names with commas:
pkill -u budi,toni
You can also combine search options and styles. For example to print out all the processes and their names that run under the username “Dear” and have the word “gnome” in their name, you can type:
pkill -9 -u budi gnome
To display only previously started (most recently) or most recent (recently) processes, use the options
-n (is the latest or first to run) or
-o (For the oldest or most recent fugitive).
For example, to kill the most recently created screen app:
pkill -9 -n screen
pkill It is used to send signals to running programs based on various parameters.
For more information about the pkill command, visit the pkill manual page or type
man pkill at your station.